sexta-feira, março 06, 2009

Optimismo na filosofia moral contemporânea, e Heidegger e Sartre num parêntesis

Much of contemporary moral philosophy appears both unambitious and optimistic. Unambitious optimism is of course part of the Anglo-Saxon tradition; and it is also not surprising that a philosophy which analyses moral concepts on the basis of ordinary language should present a relaxed picture of a mediocre achievement. I think the charge is also true, though contrary to some appearances, of existentialism. An authentic mode of existence is presented as attainable by intelligence and force of will. The atmosphere is invigorating and tends to produce self-satisfaction in the reader, who feels himself to be a member of the élite, addressed by another one. Contempt for the ordinary human condition, together with a conviction of personal salvation, saves the writer from real pessimism. His gloom is superficial and conceals elation. (I think this to be true in different ways of both Sarte and Heidegger, thought I am never too sure of having understood the later) Such attitude contrast with the vanishing images of Christian theology which represented goodness as almost impossibly difficult, and sin as almost insuperable and certainly as universal condition.

Iris Murdoch. "On 'God' and 'Good'". Existentialists and Mystics. Penguin Books, 1999 [1950], pp. 340-341